Sea of Green (SOG) is the theory of harvesting lots of small hemp plants, matured early to get the fastest production of buds available. Instead of growing a few hemp plants for a longer period of time, in the same space many smaller hemp plants are grown that mature faster and in less time. Thus, less time is required between crops. This is important to you when the electricity bill comes each month. One crop can be started while another is maturing, and a continuous harvest, year round can be maintained. 4 hemp plants per square foot will be a good start for seedlings. 1 plant per square foot will allow plenty of room for each plant to grow a large top cola, but will not allow for much bottom branching. This is OK since indoors, these bottom branches are always shaded anyway, and will not grow very well unless given additional light and space. The indoor grower quickly realizes that hemp plants that are too tall do not produce enough at the bottom to make the extra growing time used worth while. An exception to this rule would be if it is intended the hemp plants are to go outside at some point, and it is expected that the light/shading issue will not be a factor at that point.
The hemp plants, if started at the same time, should create what is called a “green canopy” that traps most of the light at the top level of the hemp plants. Little light will penetrate below this level, since the hemp plants are so close together. The gardener is attempting to concentrate on the top of the plant, and use the light and space to the best advantage, in as little time as possible. Use of nylon poultry fence or similar trellising laid out over the green canopy will support the hemp plants as they start to droop under the weight of heavy fruiting tops. Stakes can be used too, but are not as easy to install for hemp plants in the middle and back of the room, where reach is more difficult.
It’s easy to want big hemp plants, since they will produce more yield per plant, but it’s usually better with limited space to grow smaller hemp plants that mature faster and pack into smaller spaces. Sea of Green was developed in Holland. Instead of fitting 4 large hemp plants in that small room, fit 12 small ones on a shelf above 12 other small hemp plants. These hemp plants take only 3-4 months to mature from germination to ripe buds, and harvesting takes place constantly, since there is both a vegetative and flowering area devoted to each, with harvests every 45-60 days.
It’s not the size of the plant, but the maturity and quality of the product that counts. Twice as many hemp plants grown half as big will fill the grow space twice as fast, so harvests take place almost twice as often. Get good at picking early flowering hemp plants, and propagate only those that are of the best quality.
6” square containers will allow for 4 hemp plants per square foot. You may also gauge by the size of your growing tray (for passive hydroponics); I like kitty litter boxes. ($3 each at Target) Planted 4 per square foot, (for vegatative seedlings) a 12 sq. ft. closet will hold 48 seedlings on one shelf. In my case, I use 4” rockwool cubes that fit into kitty litter pans @ 12 cubes per pan. I can get 5 pans onto a 12 sq. ft. closet upper shelf, so that is 60 seedlings on one small shelf!
For flowering indoors, 1 plant per sq. ft. is a good rule of thumb for SOG. If less hemp plants are grown in this size space, it will take them longer to fill the space, thus more electricity and time will be used to create the same amount of product. If more than one plant p.s.f. is attempted, the grower will soon find that hemp plants thus crowded tend to be more stem than bud, and the total harvest may be reduced, so be cautious.
It’s good to avoid “topping” your hemp plants if you want them to grow as fast as possible. It’s better just to grow 2 or 4 times more hemp plants, since they will produce more, faster, in the same space. Also, “training” hemp plants with twist-ties is a great way to get them to bush out a bit. Just take any type of plastic or paper twist tie and wrap it around the top of the plant, then pull it over until the top is bent over 90-180 degrees and then attach this to the main stem lower on the plant. Do this for one week and then release the plant from it’s bond. The plant can be trained in this fashion to take less vertical space and to grow bushier, to fill the grow space and force lower limbs to grow upward and join the green canopy. This technique takes advantage of the fact that if the top is pulled over, it creates a hormonal condition in the plant that makes it bush out at all lower internodes.
Sea of Green entails growing to harvest the main cola (top) of the plant. Bottom branches are trimmed to increase air flow under the “blanket” of growing tops. Use these cuttings for clones, as they are the easiest part of the plant to root. It’s also the fastest part of the plant to regenerate after flowering has occurred.